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Note in various batteries

Note in various batteriesAdsorption glass fiber separator
AGM batteries are a lead storage battery using adsorption fiberglass separator technology, which represents the development trend of today's and future lead storage batteries.
Acidic layer
When charging the lead battery, a high density acid is produced. Under gravity, high density sour is on the bottom of the battery, while the low density is low in the top of the battery. This acid hierarch can result in battery power loss and / or battery failure.
Active substance
The active material in the positive electrode plate is a lead in neutral oxide, and the active material in the negative plate is a sponge lead. When the circuit is turned on, these materials are reacted with sulfuric acid according to the following chemical reactions: PbO2 + Pb + 2H2SO4 = 2 PBSO4 + 2H2O.
The metric unit of current.
Battery case
A battery pack with battery segments, connectors and electrolytes.
battery charger
Provide electrical energy for the battery. Product release: battery charger.
Battery test
The battery test refers to a test of a charging condition and an electrolyte liquid surface of a lead battery containing a liquid electrolyte. The charging condition depends on the measurement of acid density.
The charge-filled battery (hour) produces a predetermined number of electrical energy (Ampere, AH) capabilities during the specified period (amps, a).
The basic device of the electrochemical current is generated in a single single, consisting of a set of positive electrode plates, an a negative plate, an electrolyte, a partition strip, and a housing. There are 6 monogram in 12V lead-acid batteries.
Charging acceptance
The battery can be accepted at a certain period of time in a predetermined temperature, voltage, and charged state (expressed).
The path followed by current flow. The closing circuit is a complete path, there is an open circuit and open circuit.
Cold start rated value
Under the conditions of 0 ° F (-17.8 ° C), the lead-acid battery can be done for 30 seconds, and the voltage of each battery remains at least 1.2V. It is very important for the operation of the snow motorcycle battery.
Battery case
Polypropylene or hard plastic shell with battery board, cable and electrolyte.
The disrupted chemical reaction of the liquid electrolyte and the reaction material - such as dilute sulfuric acid or the like, etc., produces corrosion.
battery cover
battery cover.
The rate of electrical flow, or the rate of electrons movement along the conductor. The metering unit of current is amps.
In the battery, a discharge plus a recharge is equal to a cycle.
Deep discharge
The battery is sufficiently discharged when the current is low, so that the voltage drops below the final discharge voltage.
When the battery generates a current, it means that the battery is being discharged.
In a lead storage battery, an electrolyte refers to sulfuric acid diluted with water. The electrolyte is a conductor, supplying water and sulfate, generating electrochemical reactions: PbO2 + Pb + 2H2SO4 = 2 pBSO4 + 2H20.
Long-term loss during use.
The battery is in a state in which the battery is running. There are several forms in failure.
Permanent failure
The battery or battery has a state in which the rechargeable capacity is poor.
Reversible failure
The failure status of the special electrical procedure can be repaired by retransmission.
Final charging current
The final charging current refers to the current at the end of the IU charging operation (bubble flow).
Final discharge voltage
The final discharge voltage refers to a allowable voltage level that is capable of discharging the battery or battery. If there is a variety of batteries (such as lead, Ni / CD, NIMH batteries, etc.), discharged to the cutoff voltage (depth discharge) may affect or (by polar reversal) damage to electrochemical cells.
The active substance is converted to an initial charge (such as PBSO4 -> Pb (-) and PBO2 (+), etc.).
The outer reinforcement of the battery grid.
Grid partition
The isolation between the positive and negative plates allows ions to pass.
The reference voltage of the circuit. In the car, the battery line is connected to the body or frame, as the path of the full circuit, the straight line of the component. Today, more than 99% of automotive and light transport vehicles are grounded by the negative terminals of the battery.
High current charging
The current intensity is higher than 1C charging.
High current discharge
The current intensity is higher than 5C discharge.
The AC circuit is composed of the electrical resistance, consisting of reactance and ohmic resistance.
Industrial battery
A battery for powering industrial equipment (such as forklift, etc.).
Initial charging
The initial charging refers to the first charging process after incubating the electrolyte in the pre-charged battery. The purpose is to make the battery or battery reach the initial full full amount.
The initial temperature
When discharging or charging, the electrolyte temperature in the battery is started.
Initial voltage
The initial voltage of the battery refers to the operating voltage at starting discharge. It is usually measured as soon as possible after a current flow time for a long time, so that the voltage is stable, for example, 10% of the previously charged battery.
Internal resistance
Ohmic resistance of the battery.
Effective internal resistance
The current flow resistance that can be measured in the battery is represented as a battery voltage drop with a discharge current. This value depends on the battery constructor, charging state, temperature and life.
Insulation resistance

The insulation resistance refers to the electrical resistance between the battery or battery and the material / ground (motor vehicle body, frame).

JIS specification
The PowerSports battery is tested in accordance with JIS specification; in this case, the JIS D5302 2004 specification is used. The Japanese industry standard specification uses SLI lead storage batteries for motorcycles. This standard specifies the type, structure, and test of lead batteries, including the type, structure and test of the latest version of the valve-type lead battery (VRLA), and also specifies the test method.
Carbon black
A fine toner used as the components of the negative electrode wires, which is ≤ 0.5%.
A chemical element belongs to heavy metals (specific gravity is 11.341 g / cm3). Used in the form of divalent and / or tetravalent compound (PBSO4 or PBO2), the porous sponge lead as an active substance, and lead-borne or lead calcium alloy in the lead battery grid.
Lead storage battery
A battery, wherein the electrode is mainly composed of lead, while the electrolyte is composed of dilute sulfuric acid. Product release: Automotive battery category.
Tetalent levene (PBO2) produced by electrochemical mode during formation and forming a positive electrode lead electrode. Color: dark brown.
Lead (lead)
A lead-specific form (PBO), two modified forms: orthogonal crystal yellow high temperature modification and positive crystal red modification. Used to produce active lead material.
Lead of sulfate (PBSO4)
The compound produced on the positive plate and the negative electrode plate of the lead battery during discharge. It is a product of the chemical reaction of the metal lead in sulfuric acid and a positive electrode of the positive electrode.
Tetalental sulfate
Chemical formula 3 Pbo.
Free lead (metal lead)
Non-oxidation residual lead in the cured lead plate. See Curing.
Lead calcium alloy
Lead alloy in the plate served in the lead battery. Usually, the calcium content is about 0.08%.
Lead coating parts
A metal part of a thin metal lead protective layer is formed on the surface on the surface.
General term (lignin sulfuric acid or delerative sulfate sulfate) of non-cellulose wood components. Lignin is the main component of the negative electrode wire material additive, which is ≤1%. Sold in the name of Norwegian lignin.
The current (unit: ampere) capable of loading the full rechargeable time and the specified temperature, and the voltage does not fall below the predetermined cutoff voltage.
Low current charging
The current intensity is only higher than the current intensity required for the self-discharge loss compensation.
Low current discharge
The current is discharged below 0.1c.
Machine casting
Plate grating or small part with automatic or semi-automatic casting process.
Maintain power
The battery remains in full charge (compensated self-discharge) by a constant voltage charger of low charging voltages.
Maintenance-lean liquid type (AGM)
The electrolyte is immobilized in an adsorption glass fiber separator (AGM). The battery is sealed, fitted with a pressure valve, and has a good cycle life.
Active substance
The electrodes are involved in the material of charging and discharge reactions. In nickel-cadmium batteries, nickel hydroxide and cadmium hydracene are used as active substances at the positive electrode and negative electrode. In a lead battery, a lead in the positive electrode and the negative electrode is used as the active substance. Sulfuric acid used as an electrolyte in a lead battery can also be considered an active substance because it is also involved in the battery reaction.
A component made of cast iron or cast steel, wherein the geometry of the mold is in the form of a hole (such as a lead blade gate of the mold for production).
negative electrode
See the negative electrode.
Negative terminal
The negative electrode of the battery.
Rated voltage
See the rated voltage.
The metric unit of the resistor.
in parallel
Connect all positive or all negative electrodes of several batteries. This increases the battery network, while maintaining a constant voltage.
Active substance (lead paste)
Mixtures of various compounds (such as lead or water, sulfuric acid, etc.) for cover the positive electrode and the negative plate gate of the lead battery. The difference between the positive and negative electrode active substances is that the formulation is different. These active substances are then converted to a positive electrode and a negative electrode cured substance.
Negative plate
A cast metal frame containing a sponge lead active material. The spare rate rated - a new current generated 25a at a temperature of 26.7 ° F / 80 ° C, and maintains the number of minutes equal to or higher than the 1.75V voltage. This rated value indicates that the battery continues to achieve the main attachment operation when the AC generator or generator is faulty.
Positive plate
A cast metal frame containing a lead active material.
With a ventilator, a component for sealing the battery opening.
An electrical term for charging or voltage relationship between two electrodes will be described.
purified water
Distilled water or deionized water for compensating for water loss in the battery required to serve.
Rated electricity
Specify the amount of power under discharge conditions (current, temperature), unit AH (according to the manufacturer's provisions).
Reversible reaction
Chemical reactions that can occur in any direction (oxidation or reduction). Because the battery is in the continuous discharge and charging state, the battery reaction must be reversible.
Create a state of charge (such as from self-discharge caused by any charging state).
Discharge at a low current (such as I100), and charge it at about 30% overcharge. This program can be repeated if necessary.
remaining battery
The amount of power remaining after discharge.
Full charge in an unclear charging state.
20 hours rate rated capacity (C20)
It is a battery at ambient temperature at ambient temperature of 80 ° (26.7 ° C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C) Under the premise of the voltage, sufficient power to the ampere hours required for car operation.
Self-discharge means that the permanent chemical reaction process of the electrode of the battery or battery is dependent on the temperature.
A dispenser between the positive plate and the negative electrode plate, the current can flow through the partition tape.
In series
Connect the positive electrode of the battery / battery to the negative electrode end of the next battery / battery.
Service life
Meet the battery life of the battery or the number of cycles of charge and discharge.
Cycle life
Battery is lowered to the number of battery continuous cycles before the acceptance value.
Service life
The service life of the battery is indicated as a period of time before it is lowered to a predetermined rating component.
Shock proof
Through design measures, the battery is prevented from being impacted (if used with hot melt glue, it is fixed).
Short circuit
Electrical equipment or unexpected current bypass, usually the resistance is very low, thus resulting in a large amount of current. The short circuit of the battery may be permanent, which can cause the battery to discharge and scrapped.
Indicates start, lighting and ignition.
Standard charging
A charging current that does not require a dedicated battery cell or a switchable battery charger. Under normal circumstances, the battery charges 12-14 hours.
Charge Status (SOC) / Health State (SOH)
The amount of electrical energy stored in the battery at a given time is expressed as the percentage of energy when charging.
Nominal temperature (TNOM)
The nominal temperature of the electrolyte is a predetermined value, which is usually used as a reference value of the electric quantity (e.g., according to the European standard EN 60095-1, the TNOM ranges from 25 ± 2 ° C).
End post
The battery is electrically connected to the external circuit. In the case where the battery is connected in series, each end post is connected to the first root (positive electrode) or the last (negative) cable.
Thermal out of control
Since the charging current increases when the charging voltage is lowered (the non-lead battery charge is lowered), the charging current increases, the continuous heat of the electrolyte

To the boiling point.
Overall purchase cost (TCO)
The definition of overall purchase costs: Accounting methods show all aspects / cost acquisition energy (fuel consumption) maintenance and maintenance during vehicle life (tires, batteries) showing main costs and hidden costs (LCC). Investment products such as buildings or production machines.
The valve is too high in internal pressure, allowing gas to flow, while preventing air from entering.
Valve controlled lead storage (VRLA) battery
A battery that is sealed and does not require maintenance.
Re-shutdown venting valve
The safety valve in the battery is automatically opened when the pressure is too large, and when normal rated pressure is restored, it is automatically turned off (such as a gel battery, adsorbed glass fiber separator (AGM) battery, etc.).
The measurement unit of the voltage, referred to as V, named by Italian physicist and Ph.D. Alexando Vod (1745-1827) name.
Depending on the cutoff value of the voltage and temperature (VTCO)
See the cutoff of voltage and temperature.
Voltage plum
When using high current discharge, the instantaneous decrease in the voltage (if used for using a non-lead battery).
Voltage drop
If the current flows through the resistor inside the closed circuit, the voltage will fall.
The voltage slowly decreases for a long time. Many closing cadmium batteries and discharge of closed lead batteries have this feature. In general, the first voltage drop in the voltagepoint from the start discharge continues until the final voltage is rapidly dropped.
Rated voltage
The battery average voltage during the discharge at low current intensity. The manufacturer specifies a value on the battery (eg Ni / CD = 10 V2V).
The measurement unit of electric power is in the direction of electron work in the direction of the potential or inverse potential directions, and the calculation formula is: Watt = ampere X volt.
By welding on the cable, two or more panels are connected together to form a panel.
Working power (energy)
The operating voltage of the battery or battery is a refers to the discharged electrical energy of the stallment battery which is ambient (TNOM) having an average discharge voltage, and adjusted to the steering feedback torque, and the unit is wattage [WH].
Operating Voltage
When the power consumption device is connected to the battery or battery, the electrical connection starts the voltage as soon as possible, and the operating voltage is lower than the rated voltage.  Recommend: LiFePO4 Battery Manufacturer Energy storage battery Manufacturer Integrated machine energy storage battery series Manufacturer Lead lithium battery Manufacturer Outdoor Backup Battery Manufacturer Portable outdoor power supply Manufacturer Power battery Manufacturer Powerwall LiFePO4 Battery Manufacturer Battery rack Manufacturers Telecom LiFePO4 Battery Manufacturer Wall mounted battery storage Manufacturer China Lifepo4 Battery